It has become a common attack point that the Senate has "not passed a budget" in years -- according to the "Morning Joe" program (Joe Scarborough is fixated on this) for over 1,300 days.  People want to point to this as somehow an indicator of the fundamental flaw in our Legislative process.  Several points.

First, budget historians would know that until the early 1970s that Congress NEVER actually passed a budget bill.  So we actually survived as a Republic for almost 200 years without a budget bill.  It was only after the passage of the Budget Act that the passage of budget bills were called for.  How could it possibly be the case that the government functioned without budget bills for decades?  Because the real budget process is the passage of appropriations bills (13 of them) and tax bills.

Second, it still is the case that the Budget bills have no real power over the budget itself.  They are routinely violated and ignored.  A quick study of our budget history would show this.  In his time, Reagan was one of the first to manipulate the budget bills to enact legislative changes.  Technically, the budget process calls for the passage of a first budget bill, then the appropriations bills, then a second budget bill, then a "reconciliation" bill to reconcile the two budget bills, one with another.  This is rarely if ever done.  

The bottom line is that if we -- the Congress and President -- wanted to pass a balanced budget, raise taxes or cut spending to do it, they could simply do it.  They don't need a budget bill to do it.